Hosting a website or a web service has an environmental impact. On this page, we provide a link to a service that estimates the cost of a website and a list of services that offer green web hosting or servers.
In this page, we try to address the following issues:
"What is the carbon footprint for web hosting and web services?"
"Are there more sustainable hosting services that can be recommended?"
Our primary servers are located in a London datacentre which buys its electricity from Scottish Power Renewables, generated from British on-shore and off-shore wind as well as some tidal and wave power sources.
100% Renewable energy,Heat recovery and reuse for 25,000 homes, we will plant a tree in your name, stay with us for a year and we will plant three more, Ethical partnerships https://s-4.host/sustainability/
50,000 visits €10 per month
NIME web hosting information
NIME.org is a fully static site built on Jekyll and forum.nime.org is a Discourse instance which requires a VPS (video discussing setup as of July 2020). At present we use the following hosting services:
Proceedings: static data hosting (presently in an Amazon S3 bucket in US East N. Virginia region)
nime.org: continuous integration from jekyll source on GitHub + static web hosting (presently hosted on Netlify free tier)
forum.nime.org: virtual private server (presently hosted on DigitalOcean 1vCPU/1GB VPS in FRA1 region).
NIME does not use any traditional shared hosting services.
Present sustainability notes
Digital Ocean, does not have a sustainability statement, but users have been tracking energy sources for individual data centres. The FRA1 data centre appears to use 100% renewable energy (source)
Amazon AWS, has a goal of 100% renewable energy by 2025 (source), not clear what the energy mix is for particular data centers. May be desirable to reduce use of AWS, both from a cost and sustainability perspective.
Netlify has a sustainability statement, which focuses on efficient computation of web services, not on achieving 100% renewable energy, they note that their distributed infrastructure makes it hard to measure renewable energy usage. Could replace, but any use of cached/CDN backed static website could likely have the same issues and this is desirable for serving our main page to a global audience.
The proceedings (and supplementary files) requires around 20GB of disk space and bandwidth requirements are 80-120GB per month.